Written By Leanne Welch, Client Relations Specialist
What are Roundworms?
Roundworms are the most common intestinal parasite found in cats and dogs. Roundworms are parasites that live in and eat off of the intestines. They are usually white/light brown and look like spaghetti. Almost all dogs and cats become infected with roundworms at some point in their lives, usually as puppies and kittens.
How will I know if my pet has Roundworms?
Some pets do not show symptoms of an infection. You may notice a “potbelly” appearance and diarrhea. Some other symptoms include weakness, vomiting, stomach pain, weight loss and a dull coat. You might see roundworms in your pets stool/vomit. A fecal analysis (a test of the stool) is the best way for your veterinarian to diagnose a roundworm infection and an important part of your pet’s annual exam.
How did my pet get Roundworms?
Animals that are already carrying roundworms shed the eggs in their feces, other animals become infected after coming in contact with the contaminated feces. Puppies and kittens can be born with roundworms if their mother is a carrier; larvae can develop during pregnancy and move from the placenta into the fetes. Roundworm larvae can also enter the mother’s mammary glands and be passed to puppies and kittens through her milk.
Is my family at risk?
Although uncommon, it is possible for humans to have a roundworm infection (Toxocariasis). You or your children can develop Toxocariasis by accidentally swallowing contaminated dirt/feces. Many people who are infected do not show symptoms. Toxocariasis is more likely to develop in young children since they often play in or eat dirt. It is very important to practice strict hygiene to protect yourself. Be sure to wash your hands after playing with your pets, after outdoor activities and before handling food. The CDC (Centers for Disease Control & Prevention) recommends cleaning your pets living area thoroughly once a week. Feces should be bagged and disposed in the garbage right away. Toxocariasis is difficult to diagnose because the symptoms are so similar to other medical problems. A blood test is available that checks for evidence roundworm larvae. If you think you or your child may have come in contact with roundworms or for more information please contact your Family Physician.
How can I protect my dog against Roundworms?
The best way to treat and control Roundworms is by using a monthly de-worming treatment, such as Sentinel Spectrum. Sentinel Spectrum also protects dogs against heartworms, tapeworms, whipworms and hookworms.
How can I protect my cat against Roundworms?
The best way to treat and control Roundworms in cats is by using a monthly de-worming treatment, such as Revolution. Revolution also protects cats against fleas, heartworms, hookworms and ear mites.
To order Sentinel Spectrum or Revolution please contact Neffsville Veterinary Clinic (717) 569-5381.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA)
Companion Animal Parasite Council (CAPC)
Pyometra is a life-threatening infection of the uterus. Pyometra only occurs in intact (not spayed) female dogs. By 9 years of age two-thirds of bitches have changes to their uterine lining that allow for pyometra to develop. Pyometra can lead to sepsis (bacteria in bloodstream), kidney failure, and liver failure. Treatment of pyometra is surgical ovariohysterectomy (spay). However, the surgery is much more difficult, risky, and costly compared to spaying early in life.
May is Adopt a Pet Month. When you are considering adding a new member to your family, please consider adoption.
Each year, an estimated 3-4 million animals waiting in shelters for someone to give them a safe, loving home never find a hero to adopt them and tragically are euthanized.
If you are thinking about getting a dog or cat, be a hero and consider adopting from your local shelter or rescue group. You will be saving a life and greatly improving yours.
Remember, saving one dog or cat may not change the world, but for that one dog or cat the world will change forever.
Cancer is an uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells and is the leading cause of death in companion animals. As with people, we don’t know exactly what causes each type of cancer to occur, but there are certain genetic and environmental factors that influence the growth of abnormal cells. It seems more people have either had one of their own pets or know someone that has had a pet diagnosed with cancer. Keep in mind there is a larger population of geriatric dogs and cats due to advances in health care which allow them to live longer. Also, our ability to detect cancer with radiographs (X-Rays), ultrasound and blood work has led to the next step in treatment options like surgery and chemotherapy.
Early detection of cancer is our best hope for successful treatment. Early warning signs that pet owners can be watching for include:
Remember you know your pet best! If you think your pet is having any of these symptoms or they are not acting normal, please have your pet seen by your veterinarian. The first step to diagnosing cancer is a thorough history and physical exam. Blood work, radiographs, and ultrasound are all tools to help “stage” or get the big picture of where and what the cancer is doing, and what course of action is best. In addition, your veterinarian may recommend a consultation with a veterinary oncologist (cancer specialist) to discuss additional treatment options like chemotherapy and radiation.
Heartworm disease is a serious and potentially fatal disease in pets in the United States and many other parts of the world. It is caused by foot-long worms (heartworms) that live in the heart, lungs and associated blood vessels of affected pets, causing severe lung disease, heart failure, and damage to other organs in the body. Heartworm disease affects dogs, cats and ferrets, but heartworms also live in other mammal species.
The mosquito transfers heartworm disease from infected pets to your pet. According to the American Heartworm Society, “Adult female heartworms living in an infected dog, fox, coyote, or wolf produce microscopic baby worms called microfilaria that circulate in the bloodstream. When a mosquito bites and takes a blood meal from an infected animal, it picks up these baby worms, which develop and mature into “infected stage” larvae over a period of 10 to 14 days. Then, when the infected mosquito bites another dog, cat, or susceptible wild animal, the infected larvae are deposited onto the surface of the animal’s skin and enter the new host through the mosquito’s bite wound. Once inside a new host, it takes approximately 6 months for the larvae to mature into adult heartworms.
In order to stop heartworms before they reach the adult stage preventives must be administered strictly on monthly schedule. At Neffsville Veterinary Clinic we offer preventatives for our feline and canine patients. For our canine products, Sentinel and Sentinel Spectrum are available. The feline product we recommend is revolution which also covers adult fleas, hookworm, roundworm, and ear mites. For our canine patients we highly recommend yearly testing in order to fill your prescription.
By emailing us a photo for entry into this contest, you are giving Neffsville Veterinary Clinic permission to upload your photo and information onto our clinic’s Facebook page.
Microchipping is an easy and inexpensive way to provide a Permanent ID for your pet.
Microchipping is a simple procedure. We inject a rice-sized microchip under the skin in the shoulder area of the pet. The process is similar to giving a routine vaccination.
Your information will be entered into the microchip database.
When your pet is scanned using a hand-held scanner, the pet’s microchip ID number will appear. When the microchip ID number is checked in the database, the pet owner’s information will be retrieved.
Veterinary clinics, animal shelters, and most police stations have microchip scanners to scan lost pets.
Microchipping costs less than $50.00 and is a great way to protect your pet.
Another Great Benefit of Microchipping – PA Lifetime Dog License
All dogs 3 months of age and older must by licensed by law.
Dogs must be microchipped or tattooed to be eligible for a PA Lifetime Dog License.
By purchasing a PA Lifetime Dog License, you will not need to worry about getting a new license each year.
Neffsville Veterinary Clinic has all the paperwork and instructions for lifetime licenses.
To purchase a PA Lifetime Dog License you will need to complete the following steps:
The fee for a lifetime licenses ranges from $21.50 to $51.50 depending on if the dog owner is a senior citizen or person with a disability and if the dog is spayed or neutered.
What would you do if
…your dog ate the entire bag of chocolate covered raisins left on the kitchen counter?
…your cat had a seizure right in front of you?
Answers to these questions may not be easy to come by, and often times cause a great deal of panic among the owners of the pet.
Please keep in mind that any first aid administer to your pet should be followed by immediate veterinary care. First aid care is NOT a substitute for veterinary care, but it may save yours pets life until it receives veterinary treatment.
Basic Pet First Aid Procedures
Poisoning and Exposure to Toxins- If you know that your pet has consumed something harmful you should call the Pet Poison Helpline at 1-800-213-6680 there is a $49 fee associated with this service. When calling you should have your pet’s species, breed, age, weight, symptoms, the product that the pet ingested, or label of the product (AVMA, 2015)
Seizures- If your pet is having a seizure, keep your pet away from any objects that might hurt the pet. DO NOT try to restrain the pet. Time the seizure, they usually last for 2-3 minutes, this information is important to your veterinary professional. After the seizure has stopped, keep your pet arm and as quiet as possible, and contact your veterinarian (AVMA, 2015)
Bleeding- If you find an open wound that is actively bleeding you should do the following. Press a clean, thick, gauze pad over the wound and keep pressure with your hand until the blood starts to clot. This may take several minutes, so to be sure hold pressure for 3 minutes and then check to see if the bleeding has stopped. If heavy bleeding, hold pressure on the wound until you can get to your veterinary clinic.
Choking- Please use caution. If your pet is choking they are more apt to bite when they are in panic mode. If your pet is still able to breath, get to a veterinarian right away. If not, look into the pet’s mouth to see if a foreign object is visible. If you can see it try to gently remove it with pliers or tweezers, but you MUST take care to not shove the object down any further. If it cannot easily be removed, you need to get to a veterinary clinic right away.
Heatstroke- If you cannot get your pet out of the heat, place a cool wet towel around the animals neck and head, do not cover the eyes, nose, or mouth. Remove the towel and re-wet it often to keep it cool. If you have a hose, or access to water, you can keep the water running over your pet’s body, especially the abdomen & between the hind legs, use your hands to massage the legs and sweep the water away as it absorbs the body heat. When able to take your pet to a veterinarian right away.
The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) has created a list of first aid supplies that may be helpful to you if you find yourself in one of the situations above. The list can be found at the bottom of this page. It may be helpful to purchase the items on the list and make up a small “Canine/Feline first Aid Kit” to carry with you in your car or keep in your house.
Pet first aid supplies checklist
As a pet owner, you need to make sure to have basic first aid supplies for your pets in your household. Carefully putting together a well-provisioned first aid kit will make you more ready to deal with a medical emergency if one confronts you for your dog, cat or other pet. Have this kit in the house and fully stocked with supplies at all times, next to the first aid kit for your family. Many of the items in a family first aid kit can be used for pets, too.
|Phone numbers and your pet’s medical record (including medications and vaccination history)
Emergency veterinary clinic:
Animal Poison Control Center:
|Know these numbers before you need them. If you do not know the number of the emergency clinic in your area, ask your veterinarian or go to the Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society Web site for a searchable list of emergency clinics by state or visit MyVeterinarian.com, enter the zip code, and check the “emergency” box to get a listing of emergency providers in the area.|
|Gauze||For wrapping wounds or muzzling the injured animal|
|Nonstick bandages, towels, or strips of clean cloth||To control bleeding or protect wounds|
|Adhesive tape for bandages
*do NOT use human adhesive bandages (eg, Band-Aids®) on pets
|For securing the gauze wrap or bandage|
|Milk of magnesia
|To absorb poison
Always contact your veterinarian or local poison control center before inducing vomiting or treating an animal for poison
|Hydrogen peroxide (3%)||To induce vomiting
Always contact your veterinarian or local poison control center before inducing vomiting or treating an animal for poison
—you will need a “fever” thermometer because the temperature scale of regular thermometers doesn’t go high enough for pets
|To check your pet’s temperature. Do not insert a thermometer in your pet’s mouth—the temperature must be taken rectally.|
|Eye dropper (or large syringe without needle)||To give oral treatments or flush wounds|
|Muzzle (in an emergency a rope, necktie, soft cloth, nylon stocking, small towel may be used)||To cover your pet’s head.
If your pet is vomiting, do not muzzle it!
|Leash||To transport your pet (if your pet is capable of walking without further injury)|
|Stretcher (in an emergency a door, board, blanket or floor mat may be used)||To stabilize the injured animal and prevent further injury during transport|
Animal Cruelty Awareness Month
By: Wayne Edward
April is Animal Cruelty Prevention Month. At times animal abuse and neglect may be obvious, but there are times when it’s crucial to look for the more subtle signs that an animal is being mistreated.
If you notice any of the following, please inform someone:
Report suspected animal abuse to one of the following agencies:
If you see something, say something! Remember that your eyes may be the only witness to the suffering of an animal in need, and your intervention may be crucial in saving his or her life. Speak up for our voiceless friends!
If you have any additional questions about Animal Cruelty, please contact us at 717-569-5381.
This is Coco. Coco is a Chocolate Lab puppy who was born with a deformity of his front paw. The breeder was unable to sell him and was considering euthanasia until a family heard of his situation. They immediately fell in love and adopted him. He is doing great in Puppy Kindergarten here at Neffsville Veterinary Clinic!!! We wish Coco and his family many wonderful years together.
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